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Corruption Perceptions Index 2016

Corruption Perceptions Index 2016

The twenty-fifth day of January this year marks the twenty-second announcement of the results of Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index (CPI) annually, which is leading the global anti-corruption effort. This year, the index measures corruption in 176 countries around the world according to the opinions of public and private sector experts, based on fourteen sources of information. The Coalition for Integrity and Accountability (AMAN) Transparency International received a detailed report of the results of the indicator.
In general, the results indicated that the general rate of the countries of the world came at 43%, that two thirds of the countries covered achieved less than 50%, while the number of Arab countries included in the index for this year 21 countries, 90% of which received less than 50% , And the number of countries on the index as a whole exceeds the number of countries that improve their position.

The disclosure of the Panama papers showed the exploitation of the lack of transparency in the global financial system by corrupt officials in order to increase their wealth at the expense of the lives and livelihood of the vulnerable citizens, and that the corrupt grow their wealth at the expense of human rights and sustainable development, and the phenomenon of smuggling of money to safe havens in some Islands and states by leaders and senior officials in a number of countries, including Arab countries, the seriousness of corruption and lack of accountability.
Of the 21 countries in the Arab region, 90% have not passed the 50% mark this year, while the United Arab Emirates and Qatar remain top (66% and 60%), followed by Jordan (48%), Saudi Arabia (46%), Oman (45%) and Bahrain (43%).
On the other hand, Somalia came as the most corrupt Arab country by obtaining 10% to settle at the bottom of the list Arab and global in partnership with South Sudan and North Korea, which are similar to each other.
The rest of the Arab countries were low, with most of them receiving less than 50%, for example: Tunisia 41%, Morocco 37%, Algeria and Egypt 34%, Djibouti 30%, Lebanon 28%, Mauritania 27% and Comoros 24%.
In light of the above, the challenges of the Arab region are many and varied in degrees depending on the state, but all share the need for effective transparent systems that guarantee accountability that can be achieved by ending political corruption, which is a key factor in the spread of corruption. Achieving international commitments in accordance with international conventions and the commitments of States to the goals of sustainable development, guaranteeing the right to freedom of opinion and expression and accountability and putting an end to pressure on activists, informants and civil society institutions; independence of the judiciary in order to hold corrupt and recover looted funds.

Equitable distribution of power and wealth is the solution

In a statement on the results of the Corruption Perceptions Index, Transparency International President José Ogaz noted that the vagueness of the global financial system does not provide an opportunity to pursue the corrupt. As for the Arab countries, there is no confidence in the political will, and there is a strong relationship between corruption and the nature of authoritarian regimes that do not provide the basic rights related to freedom of information and the right of civil society to work without restrictions. He also pointed to the weak role of parliaments in some countries and the continued spread of the conflict of interest phenomenon where the work of politicians and businessmen is integrated. He called for a radical and profound change in the system of distributing power and wealth in societies to allow the elimination of corruption and its causes.



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